Uncategorized

A daily drought index based on evapotranspira – EurekAlert

Science China Press
image: Daily evolutions of (a) the original DEDI values, (b–d) DEDI values after being smoothed over 7, 15, and 31 days, (e) the 31-day smoothed SPEI values, and (f) MCI, averaged over the typical arid region of southwest China (21–26.2° N, 98.3–103.6° E) from 16 March to 15 September 2019. The gray dashed lines indicate the two drought peaks detected by DEDI in May and August. Results indicate that DEDI characterized the spatiotemporal evolution of the regional drought reasonably well and was superior in depicting the onset and cessation of the drought events, as well as multiple drought intensity peaks. Figure credit: Xia Zhang. view more 
Credit: ©Science China Press
With climate warming, frequent drought events have occurred in recent decades, causing huge losses to industrial and agricultural production, and affecting people's daily lives. The monitoring and forecasting of drought events has drawn increasing attention. However, compared to the various monthly drought indices and their wide application in drought research, daily drought indices, which would be much more suitable for drought monitoring and forecasting, are still scarce. The development of a daily drought index would improve the accuracy of drought monitoring and forecasting, and facilitate the evaluation of existing indices.
A recent study is led by Dr. Xia Zhang and Dr. Yawen Duan, under the guidance of Prof. Jianping Duan, members of Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. In this study, they constructed a new daily drought index, the daily evapotranspiration deficit index (DEDI), based on actual and potential evapotranspiration data from the high-resolution ERA5 reanalysis dataset of the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts.
This new index was applied to analyze the spatial and temporal evolution characteristics of four drought events that occurred in southwest, north, northeast, and eastern northwest China in the spring and summer of 2019. Comparisons with the operationally used Meteorological Drought Composite Index and another commonly used index, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index, indicated that DEDI characterized the spatiotemporal evolution of the four drought events reasonably well and was superior in depicting the onset and cessation of the drought events, as well as multiple drought intensity peaks.
Additionally, DEDI considers land surface conditions, such as vegetation coverage, which enables its potential application not only for meteorological purposes but also for agricultural drought warning and monitoring. Their previous study have shown that the evapotranspiration-based drought index can more sensitively capture the biological changes of ecosystems in response to the dynamics of drought intensity, compared with the indices of precipitation and temperature.
The drought index is easy to calculate, and ERA5 provides near-real-time data of actual and potential evapotranspiration, which can satisfy the needs of rapidly obtaining drought information in people's daily lives and industrial and agricultural production. The global 0.25o high-resolution data of the Daily Evapotranspiration Deficit Index (DEDI) from 1979–2019 produced in this paper are available from http://www.dx.doi.org/10.11922/sciencedb.00906.
This research was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2018YFC1508701). The related results have been published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences and Science China Earth Sciences.
See the articles:
Zhang X, Duan Y, Duan J, Jian D, Ma Z. 2022. A daily drought index based on evapotranspiration and its application in regional drought analyses. Science China Earth Sciences, 65(2): 317–336, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-021-9822-y
Science China Earth Sciences
10.1007/s11430-021-9822-y
Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.
Media Contact
Bei Yan
Science China Press
[email protected]
Office: 86-10-64015905

Expert Contact
Yawen Duan
Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment Research for Temperate East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
[email protected]

Science China Press
EurekAlert! The Global Source for Science News
AAAS - American Association for the Advancement of Science
Copyright © 2022 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Copyright © 2022 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

source

Related posts

LaSata recognizes Ag Day, the importance of Michigan agriculture – Michigan Senate Republicans

Mthokozisi

Farming, policy just 'part of the job' for Heisdorffer – Farm Progress

Mthokozisi

With ongoing drought, California fruit growers feel the vise tighten – Produce Blue Book – Produce Blue Book

Leave a Comment